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The James Bay Treaty on Display banner



To honour Treaties Recognition Week in Ontario during the first week of November, the Archives of Ontario will be displaying the original written document of the James Bay Treaty (Treaty No. 9).

The James Bay Treaty is an agreement first signed in 1905-1906 between Anishnaabe (Ojibway) and Omushkegowuk (Cree) communities and the Canadian and Ontario governments. The Treaty covers the James Bay and Hudson Bay watersheds in Ontario.

The Archives of Ontario holds one of two original parchment copies of the Treaty’s written text from 1905-1906.

Written document of James Bay Treaty (Treaty No. 9), 1905-1906
Click to see a larger image

Written document of James Bay Treaty (Treaty No. 9), 1905-1906, Page 1
Articles of James Bay Treaty (Treaty No. 9)
RG 1-653-1
Archives of Ontario, I0031638

The document will be on display the following times at our public facility:

  • Thursday, November 7, 1:00pm – 8:00pm
  • Saturday, November 9, 1:00pm – 4:00pm