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Photo by Stan Wesley featuring the written document of the James Bay Treaty (Treaty No. 9), a photo of Chief Michel Batise and his wife at the Fort Matachewan signing ceremony in 1906, and a flag from the ceremony.

The James Bay Treaty (Treaty No. 9)

This exhibit, created in collaboration with Mushkegowuk Council and Queen’s University Archives, looks at the context and different interpretations of the James Bay Treaty (Treaty No. 9), its impact on Indigenous communities in an area covering roughly two-thirds of Ontario’s total landmass, and the role that archival records and other forms of memory have come to play in its story.