The promotion of healthy living in Ontario: Timeline - Page Banner

Table of Contents


Year Event
1873

First Public Health Act passed.

1882

First board of health established.

1884

More comprehensive Public Health Act passed; first medical officer of health begins working.

1886

400 boards of health in operation throughout the province.

1896

National Sanatorium Association formed.

Photo: Breathing Exercises, Male Patients, Muskoka Cottage Sanatorium

Breathing Exercises, Male Patients, Muskoka Cottage Sanatorium
Reference Code: F 1369-1-0-1
Archives of Ontario

1897

First tuberculosis sanatorium at Gravenhurst opened to patients.
(July 13)

Photo: Beds

Beds
Reference Code: F 1369-2-0-2
Archives of Ontario

1900

Canadian Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis formed.

1904

Health associations formed in Hamilton and Ottawa.

1907

Toronto’s first public health nurse, Janet Neilson, appointed.

1908

Legislation permitting school medical inspection enacted.

1910

Toronto’s water system first chlorinated.

1911

Provincial regulations mandate the compulsory reporting of diagnosed cases of tuberculosis.

Photo: Staff at the Tuberculosis Clinic, Hamilton Departmet of Health, 1919

Staff at the Tuberculosis Clinic, Hamilton Department of Health, 1919
Public Health Nursing Branch
Reference Code: RG 10-30-2, 1.13.7
Archives of Ontario, I0005272

1911

Ontario Milk Act enacted. The Act mandated the inspection of dairy herds and facilities province-wide.

Photo: A woman examining milk at a Board of Health laboratory, [ca. 1928]

A woman examining milk at a Board of Health laboratory, [ca. 1928]
Ministry of Health
Reference Code: RG 10-30-2, 1.4.5
Archives of Ontario, I0005236

1917

First well-baby clinic at the Canadian National Exhibition.

1920

The Division of Maternal and Child Hygiene and Public Health Nursing created in 1920 within the Ontario Provincial Board of Health.

Photo: Child receiving a medical examination, 1929

Child receiving a medical examination, 1929
Ministry of Health
Reference Code: RG 10-30-2, 2.18.7
Archives of Ontario, I0005227

1921 Division of Public Health Education formed.
1921

First Ontario health promotion program begins.

Photo: General waiting room for clinic and registration desks during Lambton County Health Week, 1925

General waiting room for clinic and registration desks during Lambton County Health Week, 1925
Ministry of Health
Reference Code: RG 10-30-2, 1.7.5
Archives of Ontario, I0005254

1924

Provincial Health Department starts first traveling X-ray clinic to detect tuberculosis.

1925

Ontario’s Division of Dental Hygiene created.

Photo: Young girl having her teeth checked at the Dental Clinic, Hamilton, [ca. 1930]

Young girl having her teeth checked at the Dental Clinic, Hamilton, [ca. 1930]
Public Health Nursing Branch
Black and white print
Reference Code: RG 10-30-2, 1.14.3
Archives of Ontario, I0005277

Photo: Dental exam in an elementary school, Hamilton, [ca. 1930]

Dental exam in an elementary school, Hamilton, [ca. 1930]
Public Health Nursing Branch
Black and white print
Reference Code: RG 10-30-2, 1.14.2
Archives of Ontario, I0005276

1931

Edna Moore appointed Chief Public Health Nurse for the province.

1934

Death rate in Ontario is now 37 per 100,000—down from 1904’s 120 per 100,000.

1940-41

Tuberculosis surveys of Toronto secondary school pupils conducted, and again in 1944 and 1946.

1944

Division of Public Health Nursing established within the Provincial Board of Health.

1946-60

Thirty-four public health units established.

1947

World Health Organization (WHO) proclaims that “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

1951

Ontario Hospital Services Insurance Plan established
(January 1).

1961

Ontario Fluoridation Act enacted. The Act required every municipality to establish, maintain, and operate a water-fluoridation system.

1960-74

First anti-smoking campaigns begin.

Guidelines for the establishment of non-smoking areas, 1979
Issued by the Ontario Ministry of Health. 1979 PAMPH 1979 #13
Archives of Ontario, I0040261

Pamphlet: Guidelines for the establishment of non-smoking areas, 1979

1961

First national symposium on health.

1964

First Senior Health Education Advisor hired in the Ontario Ministry of Health.

1965

54 boards of health were in place, which served 95% of the population.

Photo: Public Health Inspector testing water quality of a public swimming pool in the New Liskeard - Kirkland Lake area, July 1969

Public Health Inspector testing water quality of a public swimming
pool in the New Liskeard - Kirkland Lake area, July 1969
Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Reference Code: RG 16-276-1- 69-1992
Archives of Ontario, I0003186

1969

Universal public medical insurance plan enacted
(October 1).

1972

Hospital and medical insurance combined into OHIP, the Ontario Health Insurance Plan.

1972

New Ministry of Health Public Health Branch established.

1973

Health Planning Task Force established.

1974

Report of the Ontario Health Planning Task Force released.

1974

A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians released.  

1975

Health Promotion Branch formed in Ontario Ministry of Health.

1979

Formation of the Health Education, Health Promotion Unit in Ontario Ministry of Health.

1983

Health Protection and Promotion Act enacted. The Act directs boards of health to ensure the provision of a minimum level of public health programs and services.

1984

Release of Seeking Consensus: Health Care in the 80s and Beyond.

1984

Canada Health Act enacted. The Act establishes the criteria and conditions related to insured health care services—the national standards—the provinces and territories must meet in order to receive the full federal cash transfer contribution.

1984

Office of Health Promotion at the Ministry of Health established.

1986

Health Education Consultant hired in the Public Health Branch, Ontario Ministry of Health, to serve the growing numbers of Health Educators and Health Promoters in public health units and departments.

1986

First International Conference on Health Promotion, Ottawa, and release of the Ottawa Charter on Health Promotion.

1986

Achieving Health for All: A Framework for Health Promotion released.

1987

Toward a Shared Direction for Health in Ontario released.

1987

Health for All Ontario released.  

1987

Health Promotion Matters in Ontario released.  

1987

Office of Health Promotion replaced by the Health Promotion Branch.

1992

Forty seven health promotion specialists are employed in Ontario’s 42 health units.

 

2005

The Ministry of Health Promotion established.


Previous | Home
Sanitation, public hygiene, and the fight against disease: 1882 to 1921
Public health nurses: bringing health home
Living longer, living healthier: health education in the curative age, 1921 to 1947
Mass marketing and social change: the postwar era | Health promotion in the modern era: 1974 and beyond
The promotion of healthy living in Ontario: timeline