Microfilm Interloan Service

 

Records Relating to Aboriginal Peoples


Black and photograph of Aboriginal Child looking towards camera

Children playing at Big Trout Lake,
Northern Ontario, January 1956
John Macfie
Black and white negative
Reference Code: C 330-13-0-0-172
Archives of Ontario, I0000499

The Archives of Ontario holds many records relating to Aboriginal Peoples. Only a limited number of these records are available through our Microfilm Interloan Service.

Please see our Aboriginal People in the Archives: A Guide to Sources in the Archives of Ontario for a more complete listing of records relating to aboriginal peoples.

The following records are currently available on Interloan:


Solomon Y. Chesley Fonds (F 451)


This microfilm consists of 5 journals written by Solomon Y. Chesley, who was at various points in his career, Superintendent of the Department of Indian Affairs, Member of the House of Assembly and Mayor of Cornwall. The journals emphasize Chesley's career as an Indian agent. They document his travels to various reserves in Ontario, negotiations and mediation with the aboriginal leaders, ceremonies and customs. They also document Chesley's opinions on various significant events in mid 19th century Canadian and international history, including the debates on the Clergy Reserves, Representation by Population, the Fenian Raids, and the movement of the Canadian capital.

For a more complete description of these records click here to visit our Archives Descriptive Database.

These records are available on microfilm reel MS 2640. To order this reel you may:

  • Consult the reel(s) in our reading room at 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd., Toronto.
  • From the Interlibrary Loan Department of your public library, order reel MS 2640. These reels cannot leave the borrowing library, so make sure to order them from a library that has a microfilm reader.

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A. E. Williams/ United Indian Bands Of Chippewas and Mississaugas Fonds (F 4337)


This microfilm consist of documents collected by A. E. Williams, a collector and researcher of Canadian aboriginal history. The vast majority were created by or collected on behalf of the United Indian Bands of the Chippewas and Mississaugas, an ad-hoc grass roots movement of Ontario First Nations to assert their claims regarding land, monies owed under the 1850 Robinson Treaties, and unceded hunting and fishing rights. The most active bands were the Chippewas of Christian Island, Georgina Island and Rama, and the Mississaugas of Rice Lake, Mud Lake and Scugog, and the Hiawatha. There is evidence that bands from the North Shore of Lake Huron and even as far as Fort William participated in this movement. The movement was operative from 1903 to sometime around 1920.

For a more complete description of these records click here to visit our Archives Descriptive Database.

Use the table below to identify the microfilm that you require. Use the "Find" command on your web browser to find every listing of a specific band or location or link directly to the listings for one of the following series:

Once you have identified the reel(s) that you require you may:

  • Consult the reel(s) in our reading room at 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd., Toronto.
  • Order the reel(s) from the Interlibrary Loan Department of your public library, quoting the appropriate MS number. These reels cannot leave the borrowing library, so make sure to order them from a library that has a microfilm reader.

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A. E. Williams/ United Indian Bands of Chippewas and Mississaugas Fonds (F 4337)


G. MILLS McCLURG - CORRESPONDENCE (SERIES F 4337-1)

This microfilm consists of files of correspondence to and from G. Mills McClurg as Secretary and Treasurer of the United Bands. As there was no original order, grouping of the units has for the most part been imposed.

For a more complete description of these records click here to visit our Archives Descriptive Database.

Files of correspondence to and from G. Mills McClurg
as Secretary and Treasurer of the United Bands


Description Year Microfilm Reference
Beaver Store Band - Collins Inlet 1905 MS 2604
Birch Island 1904-1905 MS 2604
Black, Rev. - Parry Island 1903-1904 MS 2604
Chemong 1903-1906 MS 2604
Chippewa Hill 1903 MS 2604
Christian Island (Beausoleil) 1902-1912 MS 2604
Garden River 1903-1905 MS 2604
Georgina Island (Snake Island) 1903-1911 MS 2604
Grand River Navigation Company 1905 MS 2604
Grant's Tomb Land Purchase 1905 MS 2604
Hervey Inlet 1904-1905 MS 2604
Hiawatha 1903-1912 MS 2604
Hunting and fishing 1911-1912 MS 2604
Long Lake 1905 MS 2604
Maganeewan (Byng Inlet) 1905 MS 2604
Magnattawany 1904 MS 2604
Mississaugas of the Credit (Hagersville) 1903-1904 MS 2604
Monague and Partridge visits to reserves 1903-1904 MS 2604
Nipigon 1905 MS 2604
Nipissing (North Bay) 1904 MS 2604
Nipissing (Sturgeon Falls) 1905 MS 2604
Non treaty 1904-1905 MS 2604
Ojibways of Evansville 1904 MS 2604
Parry Island 1903-1906 MS 2604
Pays Inlet 1905 MS 2604
Pic (Heron Bay) 1905 MS 2604
Rama 1902-1912 MS 2604
Research trips 1894-1904 MS 2605
Rowe, Sophia re: Anderson diaries 1845-1905 MS 2605
Sagamok 1904-1905 MS 2605
Sagamok Reserve - Huron Lumber Company 1905 MS 2605
Scugog 1903-1905 MS 2605
Sheguiandah 1905 MS 2605
Sheshegwaning 1905 MS 2605
Six Nations school issue 1906 MS 2605
South Bay Band 1905 MS 2605
Spanish River 1904-1905 MS 2605
Sturgeon Falls 1905 MS 2605
Sucker Creek 1905 MS 2605
Thesssalon 1905 MS 2605
Toronto meeting 1904 MS 2605
Toulouse, Michel re: Spanish Station and Wikwemikong 1904-1905 MS 2605
West Bay Band 1904-1905, 1911 MS 2605
Whitefish Lake 1905 MS 2605
Wikwemikong 1905 MS 2605
Miscellaneous Correspondence 1903-1905, 1911-1912 MS 2605

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G. MILLS McCLURG - RESEARCH NOTES AND TRANSCRIPTS (SERIES F 4337-2)


This microfilm contains transcripts of documents pertaining to First Nations and Treaties in the British Public Record Office and Library and Archives Canada, and notes taken by McClurg in the course of his research on behalf of the United Bands

Transcripts of documents pertaining to First Nations and Treaties

Description Year Microfilm Reference
18th century - various ca. 1904 MS 2605
Agreement at Narrows 1839 ca. 1904 MS 2605
British North American provinces - correspondence respecting Indians 1839 ca. 1904 MS 2605
"Canadian Archives" calendar ca. 1904 MS 2605
Chippewas and Mississaugas claims - 19th century ca. 1904 MS 2605
Enclosure 18 in Treaty no. 11 re: lands between Ottawa River and Lake Nipissing ca. 1904 MS 2605
Lake Superior Indians - notes ca. 1904 MS 2605
Map ca. 1904 MS 2605
Notes on boundaries, map ca. 1904 MS 2605
Notes/miscellaneous ca. 1904 MS 2605
Public Record Office extracts ca. 1904 MS 2605
Report of Special Commissioners to investigate Indian Affairs in Canada 1858 ca. 1904 MS 2605
Robinson treaties - various ca. 1904 MS 2605
Treaty 45 ca. 1904 MS 2606
US Flag - notes ca. 1904 MS 2606
US Indians - notes ca. 1904 MS 2606
Witness to payment list 1850 ca. 1904 MS 2606

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UNITED BANDS - ACCOUNTS AND CENSUS LISTS (SERIES F 4337-3)


This microfilm contains accounting records, receipts and, in a few instances, lists of individual subscribers and band censuses, kept by G. Mill McClurg in his capacity as Treasurer of the United Bands. Most of the series concerns McClurg's March 1904 request for lists of subscribers to the United Band movement. The arrangement is alphabetical, with the subscription and census files being subdivided by band name. The census records, although somewhat sparse, provide evidence of band membership, and were likely used in determining both voter eligibility and the Indian status of individuals.

Accounting records, receipts and lists of
individual subscribers and band censuses


Description Year Microfilm Reference
Bands paid-in - Statement 190- MS 2606
Cash received - United bands 1911 MS 2606
Expense accounts - various 1903-1911 MS 2606
Lists - miscellaneous 190- MS 2606
Receipts - various 1903-1904 MS 2606

Subscriptions/Lists

  • Birch Island
  • Blind River
  • Chemong
  • Christian Island
  • Garden River
  • Georgina Island
  • Henley Inlet
  • Mississauga band
  • Parry Island
  • Parry Island (non-treaty)
  • Point Grondin
  • Rama
  • Sagamok
  • Scugog
  • Serpent River
  • Sheguindah
  • Shishegwaning (Morrisville)
  • South Bay
  • Spanish River
  • Sturgeon Falls
  • Sucker Creek
  • Thesslon
  • West Bay
  • Whitefish Lake
  • Whitefish River
  • Wikwemikong
1904 MS 2606

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UNITED BANDS - MINUTES AND RESOLUTIONS (SERIES F 4337-4)


This microfilm consists of minutes and resolutions of the United Bands and of individual Band Councils. Arrangement is alphabetical by band or organization and chronologically within each band.

Minutes and resolutions of the United Bands and of individual Band Councils

Description Year Microfilm Reference
Chemong 1903 MS 2606
Christian Island 1903-1912 MS 2606
Fort William 1904 MS 2606
Georgina Island 1862, 1903-1911 MS 2606
Hiawatha 1903-1905 MS 2606
Mud Lake 1878 MS 2606
Rama 1884-1912 MS 2606
Rice Lake 1903 MS 2606
United Bands 1903-1904 MS 2606

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UNITED BANDS - LEGAL DOCUMENTS (SERIES F 4337-5)


This microfilm consists of legal documents, including power of attorney authorizing McClurg and Hunter and Hunter to represent the bands regarding land boundaries, arreared monies, hunting and fishing rights, and appeals for the franchise. Many include chiefs signatures and contain seals.

Legal documents, including power of attorney

Description Year Microfilm Reference
Christian Island 1903 MS 2606
Georgina Island 1903 MS 2606
Mud Lake 1903 MS 2606
Rama 1903 MS 2606
Rice Lake 1903 MS 2606
Scugog 1903 MS 2606
United Bands 1903 MS 2606

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UNITED BANDS - MISCELLANEOUS (SERIES F 4337-6)


This microfilm consists of draft by-laws, claims for unceded territory and recollective statements by elderly Indians regarding boundaries for hunting and fishing grounds.

Draft by-laws, claims for unceded territory and recollective statements

Description Year Microfilm Reference
By-laws ca. 1903 MS 2606
Claims for Unceded Territory 190-? MS 2606
Statements by elderly on boundaries and claims 1903-1904 MS 2606
Unidentified/ Miscellaneous correspondence 1904 MS 2606

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JOHN MONAGUE CORRESPONDENCE (SERIES F 4337-7)


This microfilm contains correspondence of John Monague, Chief of the Beausoleil/Christian Island Chippewas and Secretary for the United Bands.

Correspondence of John Monague

Description Year Microfilm Reference
John Monague Correspondence 1904 MS 2606

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LAW FIRMS' CORRESPONDENCE (SERIES F 4337-8)


This microfilm contains the correspondence by two Toronto law firms, Hunter and Hunter, and later Goodman and Galbraith, with various individuals, including band chiefs and politicians. Of particular interest is Goodman and Galbraith correspondence with federal Members of Parliament in 1911 after the election of the Borden government, and the rejection of the United Bands authority by the Department of Indian Affairs.

Correspondence by two Toronto law firms with various individuals,
including band chiefs and politicians


Description Year Microfilm Reference
Hunter and Hunter - W.H. Hunter correspondence 1903-1911 MS 2606
Goodman and Galbraith - A. K. Goodman to Chiefs 1912 MS 2606
Goodman and Galbraith - A. K. Goodman to Dept. of Public Works (Ontario) 1912 MS 2606
Goodman and Galbraith - A. K. Goodman to Dept. of Indian Affairs (Canada) 1911 MS 2606
Goodman and Galbraith Chubb Lease 1911-1912 MS 2606
Goodman and Galbraith - Members of Parliament (Ottawa) 1911 MS 2606

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WALTER SIMON CORRESPONDENCE (SERIES F 4337-9)


This microfilm contains correspondence between Walter Simon, who replaced McClurg as General Secretary of the United Band movement in 1912, and the chiefs about routine United Bands administrative matters.

Correspondence between Walter Simon and the chiefs about
routine United Bands administrative matters


Description Year Microfilm Reference
Walter Simon Correspondence 1911-1912 MS 2606

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INDIAN OFFICE/DEPARTMENT OF INDIAN AFFAIRS (SERIES F 4337-10)


This microfilm consists of correspondence, legal documents and accounts from the Department of Indian Affairs and its pre-confederation predecessors, the Indian Offices. Of particular interest are some of the early letters from Superintendents of Indian Affairs such as T.A. Anderson and W.R. Bartlett describing aboriginal peoples during the Canada West period. In the T.A. Anderson file (F 4337-10-0-3) are two letters from chiefs including totem signatures. A number of the letters are between various Superintendents and their immediate subordinate officials and Chief George Paudash of the Hiawatha/Rice Lake reserve. Other letters are to George Snake of the Snake (Georgina) Island reserve. A significant number of documents deal with presents promised the Indians under treaties. There is a letter requesting that all arms stockpiled by the Indians in their assistance in putting down the 1837 rebellion be turned in (F 4337-10-0-2). There are also letters thanking the Indians on behalf of the British government for their assistance in building Brock's monument, and for fighting alongside the British in the War of 1812. As well, there is a letter of complaint by the Snake Island Indians regarding the conduct of Samuel Peter Jarvis, Chief Superintendent of the Indian Department. (see also A.E. Williams series, F 4337-12, regarding his research on the incident). 

Correspondence, legal documents and accounts
from the Department of Indian Affairs and its
pre-confederation predecessors, the Indian Offices


Description Year Microfilm Reference
Accounts 1846-1864 MS 2607
Anderson, Charly - Letter to George Pautash on arms from 1837 rebellion 1840 MS 2607
Anderson, T.A. - Correspondence/Circulars 1840-1852 MS 2607
Bartlett, W.R. - Correspondence/Circulars 1861-1864 MS 2607
Broadside re: trespassing on Indian lands 1874 MS 2606
Broadsides: on expulsion of Wikwemkong (English and Ojibway) 1866 MS 2607
Christian Island logging 1873-1879 MS 2607
Deacon, A. - Correspondence/Circulars 1865 MS 2607
Higginson, T.M. - Correspondence/Circulars 1844 MS 2607
Howe, Joseph - Copy of 1872 letter 189-? MS 2607
Indian Location tickets 1886 MS 2607
Jarvis, Samuel Peter- Correspondence/Circulars 1841-1842 MS 2607
Jarvis, Samuel Peter- Complaint by Snake Island Indians 1842 MS 2607
Lease - Canadian Southern Railway 1898 MS 2607
Lease - Charles Bassett re: Oneida lot 1903 MS 2607
McLean, J.D. - Correspondence/Circulars 1902 MS 2607
McNeill, J.D. - Correspondence/Circulars 1898 MS 2607
Murdoch, F.M.C. - Correspondence/Circulars 1841 MS 2607
Pedley, Frank - Correspondence/Circulars 1902 MS 2607
Plummer, W. - Correspondence/Circulars 1881 MS 2607
Rama petition 1884 MS 2607
Rice Lake Memorial to Superintendent General R.J Pennefather - Band copy 1853 MS 2607
Smart, J. - Correspondence/Circulars 1897 MS 2607
Stewart, S. - Correspondence/Circulars 1902 MS 2607
St. Mary's Island 1880-1902 MS 2607
Six Nations and Mississaugas of Credit dispute - report 1892 MS 2607
Superintendent General Secretary Miscellaneous includes 1899 letter on McClurg 1899-1904 MS 2607
Thorburn, M.R. - Indian Agent Gore Bay 1904 MS 2607
Vankoughnet, L. - Correspondence/Circulars 1881-1885 MS 2607

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MISCELLANEOUS HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS (SERIES F 4337-11)


This microfilm consists of correspondence, treaties, memorials, historical recollections and accounts. Of particular interest are mid-19th century transcripts in English and Ojibway of the 1818 Gun Shot Treaty; a totem-signed agreement from 1852 between the chiefs of Rice lake, Scugog and Mud Lake; memorials and petitions by the Rice Lake reserve to Governor- General Edwin Walker Head; an 1838 letter from a grandson of King George III, Augustus d' Este to Chief John Sunday; correspondence of Chief Padaush of Rice Lake; and an 1812 transcription by Colonel Robert McDoel of a speech by Thomas Carron, Chief of the Menomini Indians.

Correspondence, treaties, memorials, historical recollections and accounts

Description Year Microfilm Reference
Agreement between chiefs and warriors - Rice Lake, Scugog and Mud Lake 1852 MS 2607
Carron, Thomas speech - Col. Robert McDoel transcript ca. 1812 MS 2607
Chippewa- Mohawk war - Historical outline 18-- MS 2607
Christian Island - Beausoleil Band - Agreement with Beck Lumber 1899 MS 2607
Chubb, Chief - Roseneath 1886 MS 2607
Dundas militia - 1st battalion - William Loucks Company 1832 MS 2607
d'Este, Augustus (grandson of George III) to Chief John Sunday 1838 MS 2607
Gun Shot Treaty - various 184-?-190- MS 2607
Grand Oreilles speech 1814 - transcript 190-? MS 2607
Head, Edwin Walker - petitions and memorials from chiefs 184--1855 MS 2607
Miscellaneous 184-?-1927 MS 2607
Miscellaneous Ojibway documents 1847-190-? MS 2607
Newcastle District Islands - unidentified document 1859 MS 2607
Ontario Treasury Department re: Manitoulin Island 1875-1876 MS 2607
Pataush, George 1842-1856 MS 2607
Rama 1846-1886 MS 2607
Rice Lake - schoolteacher's agreement 1843 MS 2607
Ridout brothers Handbill (predecessor to Aikenhead's) 1842 MS 2607
Surrender of Chippewas - Anderson Township, Essex County 1848 MS 2607
Surrender of Christian Island 1866 MS 2607
Treaty 22 of 1820 - copy from Colonial Office 18--? MS 2607
"True Copy of Report respecting Chippewas of Lake Huron and Simcoe, made in year 1856-1858" 187-? MS 2607
U.S. treaty with Michigan Chippewa 1885 MS 2607
Walpole Island 1899 MS 2607
Yellowhead genealogy 188-?-190-? MS 2607

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A.E. WILLIAMS RESEARCH MATERIALS SERIES F 4337-12


This microfilm consists of correspondence, notes and newspaper clippings. The correspondence is with Chief Lorenzo Big Canoe of Georgina Island about McClurg and the United Bands, and with the Department of Indian Affairs and the National Archives about archival records.

Correspondence, notes and newspaper clippings

Description Year Microfilm Reference
Beatty, William presentation 1904 - transcript 196-? MS 2607
Clippings - Anderson 1903 MS 2607
Clippings - First Nations various 1896-196- MS 2607
Clippings - Miscellaneous 1907-196-? MS 2607
Clippings and notes - Oldest newspapers 1968 MS 2607
Correspondence - Chief Big Canoe 1961 MS 2607
Correspondence - Dept. of Indian and Northern Affairs re: Samuel Jarvis 1975 MS 2607
Correspondence - Dept. of Indian and Northern Affairs re: settlement 1970 MS 2607
Correspondence - Dept. of Indian and Northern Affairs re: St. Mary's Island 1894, 1975 MS 2607
Correspondence - R.C.M.P. ca. 1970 MS 2607
Correspondence - Toronto Telegram 1960 MS 2607
McClurg, George Mills - Death Certificate 1958 MS 2607
Notes - various 196-? MS 2607

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PUBLISHED MATERIALS SERIES F 4337-13


This microfilm consists of printed government materials pertaining to aboriginal issues, collected by A.E. Williams. Included are Legislative Assembly and House of Commons debates, Bills and circulars, many from the pre-confederation period. Included are bills regarding the franchise and hunting and fishing rights.

Printed government materials pertaining to aboriginal issues

Description Year Microfilm Reference
Act for the gradual enfranchisement of Indians 1869 MS 2607
Act to amend Chapter 9 of Consolidated Statutes of Canada respecting the civilization and enfranchisement of certain Indians 1863 MS 2607
Act to encourage gradual civilization of Indians 1857 MS 2607
Act to encourage gradual civilization of Indian tribes in this province 1857 MS 2607
Act to further amend Indian Act 1895 MS 2607
Act to prevent hunting of deer with hounds except during particular months 1850 MS 2607
Acts relating to Indian matters in the Province of Canada 1858 MS 2607
British North America Acts 1867-1886 1893 MS 2607
Exposure of Misrepresentation of Public Accounts by Reform Party 1882 MS 2607
"Facts for the people - the Indian as voter" Reform Party pamphlet) after 1885 MS 2607
Fishery Act 1858 MS 2607
House of Commons debate between 1867 and 1891 MS 2607
Indian reserves in Muskoka Indian Affairs - Province of Canada - Report 1864 MS 2607
Indians of Ontario Dept. of Indian Affairs and Northern development 1966 MS 2607
Indians' Protection Bill - Upper Canada 1850 MS 2607
Legislative Assembly - Routine Proceedings 1864 MS 2607
Memorial of Mary McCormick to Baron Monck re: Point Pelee after 1865 MS 2607
Petition to House of Commons - Algonquin and Nipissing 1851 MS 2607
Petition to Legislative Assembly from Abenaki nation, New Brunswick 1858 MS 2607
Report of Indian Branch of Secretary of State for Provinces 1872 MS 2607
Votes and proceedings in the Legislative Assembly 1854 MS 2607


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