Children's Art from the Spanish Civil War: The Children's Story - Page Banner

The Spanish Civil War began in 1936, a precursor to a conflict that was shortly to engulf Europe and the rest of the World.

Photo: Two unidentified girls during the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936-1939]

During the civil war, approximately 700,000 children were evacuated from the major cities to safe areas within eastern Spain called"colonias infantiles" (children's colonies) in order to escape the effects of long range artillery and aerial bombardment, a new form of mechanized warfare.

Click to see a larger image (82K)
Two unidentified girls during the Spanish
Civil War, [between 1936-1939]
Alexander Albert MacLeod fonds
Photographer Unknown
Reference Code: F 126-4-0-7
Archives of Ontario, I0013271
Photo: Children during the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Click to see a larger image (126K)

Children during the Spanish Civil War,
[between 1936 and 1939]
Alexander Albert MacLeod fonds
Photographer Unknown
Reference Code: F 126-4-0-7
Archives of Ontario, I0013272
Photo: Three unidentified girls during the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Click to see a larger image (94K)

Three unidentified girls during the Spanish
Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Alexander Albert MacLeod fonds
Photographer Unknown
Reference Code: F 126-4-0-7
Archives of Ontario, I0013273

The colonies were usually established along the coast or in the mountains, often in abandoned country estates and mansions.

Photo: Dining hall with children evacuated during the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936-1939]

They were staffed with resident teachers to meet the educational, emotional and physical needs of the refugee children who were dealing with the psychological impact of having recently become orphans or the emotional impact of being separated from their parents. At least two centres were built with Canadian funds. One was opened in a former eighteenth-century convent in the village of Agullent near Barcelona another was opened in a Barcelona residence known as the "Pines".

Click to see a larger image (81K)
Dining hall with children evacuated during
the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936-1939]
Casas Fotograf, Barcelona
Alexander Albert MacLeod fonds
Reference Code: F 126-4-0-7
Archives of Ontario, I0013276

Photo: Unidentified children during the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Click to see a larger image (79K)

Unidentified children during the
Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Alexander Albert MacLeod fonds
Photographer Unknown
Reference Code: F 126-4-0-7
Archives of Ontario, I0013274
Photo: Dining hall with children evacuated during the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Click to see a larger image (82K)

Dining hall with children evacuated during
the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Casas Fotograf, Barcelona
Alexander Albert MacLeod fonds
Reference Code: F 126-4-0-7
Archives of Ontario, I0013277
Photo: Two unidentified boys during the Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]

As the war progressed, other children from the Basque region were evacuated to the south of France and private relief agencies arranged further evacuations to England, the Soviet Union, and Mexico.

In Canada and the United States private campaigns were launched to provide humanitarian aid to the evacuated children particularly to those living in the colonies, and to collect funds for food and medical supplies. In 1937 alone, ten thousand dollars was raised in Canada for this purpose.





Two unidentified boys during the
Spanish Civil War, [between 1936 and 1939]
Alexander Albert MacLeod fonds
Photographer Unknown
Reference Code: F 126-4-0-7
Archives of Ontario, I0013269

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